Email: kimht hyowon. The 37 cases mean age: 8. Measurements included: head tilt, horizontal facial asymmetry angle, midfacial asymmetry angle on photographs; craniovertical angle, orbital plane-cranial horizontal line angle on cephalograms; and the angle between two reference lines connecting the mastoid processes and the spinous processes on C-spine radiographs. The facial asymmetry in congenital muscular torticollis become more severe with increased age at treatment and with a more severe head tilt.
Facial asymmetry occurs when the face is not symmetrical or evenly balanced. Most of us have asymmetrical faces to a certain extent but not to the degree that is noticeable. However, at times, the asymmetry can be pronounced and very obvious. Asymmetrical facial problems can be congenital and show up at birth or may develop later on in life. According to Yourspine.
Corresponding author: Shin-Young Yim. Objective To evaluate the craniofacial asymmetry in adults with neglected congenital muscular torticollis CMT by quantitative assessment based on craniofacial three-dimensional computed tomography 3D-CT. The relationship between the age and the severity of craniofacial asymmetry was analyzed in reference to anteroposterior length asymmetry of the frontal bone and zygomatic arch, vertical and lateral displacements of the facial landmarks, and mandibular axis rotation. Results The age at CT was All intra-class correlation coefficients were higher than 0.
The fate of facial asymmetry after surgery for "muscular torticollis" in early childhood Dinesh Kittur Asst. Materials and Methods: This is a long-term study of the fate of facial asymmetry in four children who have undergone operation for muscular torticollis in early childhood. All the patients presented late, i. All the patients had an x-ray of cervical spine and eye and dental checkup before making a diagnosis of muscular torticollis. Preoperative photograph of the patient's face was taken to counsel the parents about the secondary effect of short sternomastoid on facial features and the need for surgery.